Arnhem Central Station combines multiple transportation modules into a new vernacular. The complex functions as public transport hub and seamlessly incorporates office space, retail, a new station hall, a platform roof structure, a railway underpass, a road tunnel, storage for bicycles, and parking space, making the area a vibrant hub. By blurring the distinction between the inside and outside, the station creates a new identity for its region and the city. As a dynamic transfer terminal, it successfully organizes the main connections within the city.
UN Studio developed the master plan in 1996. Since then, the design of the terminal survived extensive economic, financial, social and political changes and a radical transformation in materiality. After all, the use of boatbuilding techniques accommodated the shift from concrete to steel while a central design strategy reduced materials by integrating multiple functions within one design detail. The concept of a double-ground allowed the expansion of the station area into a multi-modal transport hub and a venue for working, shopping, dining and entertainment.
Through its design as a highly efficient mobility ‘knot,’ the terminal building stimulates the use of public transport. An in-depth analysis into passenger flows and the required transport modes allowed pedestrian transfer routes to be designed for a capacity increase, facilitating the economic growth of the city region. The design also embodies the idea of social sustainability: a sense of community, long sightlines and open spaces ensure the feeling of safety and personal comfort. The total development area is equipped with a heat and cold ground storage system, providing all buildings in the area with a central and sustainable energy supply for heating and cooling. Approximately 1,300 tons of waste are managed by an automated garbage transport system every year, reducing fine dust pollution and exhaust gases from garbage trucks.
The new station places Arnhem on the map as an important node, linked to Frankfurt, Cologne, Berlin, Amsterdam, Rotterdam, and Brussels. It concurs with the development plans for the city region and the area between Arnhem and Nijmegen which is becoming increasingly important within the European economy. Currently, with more than 65,000 passengers a day, the station complex forms the main entrance to the City of Arnhem.Copyright: Please note the photo credits in the zip file.